Antennal sensory structures in Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera) and their phylogenetic implications.

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1987
Authors:E. J. van Nieukerken, Dop H.
Journal:Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung
Date Published:1987-06-27
Keywords:Acalyptris bicornutus, Acalyptris falkovitshi, Acalyptris limoniastri, Acalyptris platani, Acalyptris psammophricta, Acalyptris thoracealbella, Antenna, Bohemannia quadrimaculella, Chrysoesthia, Coptotriche marginea, Ectoedemia albifasciella, Ectoedemia atricollis, Ectoedemia crispae, Ectoedemia decentella, Ectoedemia euphorbiella, Ectoedemia grandinosa, Ectoedemia groschkei, Ectoedemia hannoverella, Ectoedemia longicaudella, Ectoedemia obrutella, Ectoedemia occultella, Ectoedemia populella, Ectoedemia royenicola, Ectoedemia rubivora, Ectoedemia septembrella, Ectoedemia sericopeza, Ectoedemia vannifera, Elachista, Enteucha acetosae, Enteucha gilvafascia, Etainia, Fomoria, glaucolepis, Lepidoptera, Leucoptera spartifoliella, Levarchama, Lyonetia clerkella, Morphology & sensory structures, Nepticulidae, New sensillum type, Opostega salaciella, Opostegidae, Parafomoria pseudocistivora, Pectinivalva, Phyllononorycter, phylogeny, Pseudopostega auritella, Stigmella anomalella, Stigmella hemargyrella, Stigmella lemniscella, Stigmella malella, Stigmella plagicolella, Stigmella roborella, Stigmella salicis, Stigmella splendidissimella, Trifurcula cryptella, Trifurcula headleyella, Trifurcula immundella, Trifurcula saccharella, Zimmermannia

Antennae of representatives of most genera and subgenera of Nepticulidae have been examined in detail with SEM. Flagellar segments are highly uniform and possess each 1-3 S. trichodea, 1-3 long S. chaetica type I , 12 short S. chaetica type II and 0-2 S. coeloconica of a simpified type without "picket fence". The dominating structure is a pair of S . vesiculoclada, a unique sensillurn type, believed to be a synapomorphy for the Nepticulidae. A pair is present on all flagellomeres in male antennae but not on all flagellomeres of females in two subgenera of Ectoedemia. Principally each S. vesiculocladum is five-branched, with the branches joined tightly to the flagellar cuticle, but reduction of the branches occurs in several genera, in particular in Ectoedemia. This sensillum can be classified as a single-walled wp sensillum, and thus a chemoreceptor. The S. vesiculocladum is considered to be a homologue of the ascoid sensilla in the Opostegidae. The presence of these special setae is considered as an additional synapomorphy for both families. A review of previous literature on lepidopteran sensilla is presented and the present data are compared and discussed. In the Nepticulidae the S. vesiculocladum is assumed to be the major pheromone detector in contrast to the S. trichodea of most other Lepidoptera

Short Title:Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutionsforsch.
Taxonomic name: 
Acalyptris bicornutus (Nepticuloidea), Acalyptris falkovitshi (Nepticuloidea), Acalyptris limoniastri (Nepticuloidea), Acalyptris platani (Nepticuloidea), Acalyptris psammophricta (Nepticuloidea), Acalyptris thoracealbella (Nepticuloidea), Bohemannia quadrimaculella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia albifasciella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia atricollis (Nepticuloidea), Muhabbetana crispae (Nepticuloidea), Etainia decentella (Nepticuloidea), Muhabbetana euphorbiella (Nepticuloidea), Muhabbetana grandinosa (Nepticuloidea), Fomoria groschkei (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia hannoverella (Nepticuloidea), Zimmermannia longicaudella (Nepticuloidea), Zimmermannia obrutella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia occultella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia populella (Nepticuloidea), Muhabbetana royenicola (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia rubivora (Nepticuloidea), Fomoria septembrella (Nepticuloidea), Etainia sericopeza (Nepticuloidea), Fomoria vannifera (Nepticuloidea), Enteucha acetosae (Nepticuloidea), Enteucha gilvafascia (Nepticuloidea), Nepticulidae (Nepticuloidea), Opostega salaciella (Nepticuloidea), Opostegidae (Nepticuloidea), Parafomoria pseudocistivora (Nepticuloidea), Pectinivalva (Nepticuloidea), Pseudopostega auritella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella anomalella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella hemargyrella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella lemniscella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella malella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella plagicolella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella roborella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella salicis (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella splendidissimella (Nepticuloidea), Trifurcula cryptella (Nepticuloidea), Glaucolepis headleyella (Nepticuloidea), Trifurcula immundella (Nepticuloidea), Glaucolepis saccharella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia crispae (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia decentella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia euphorbiella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia grandinosa (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia groschkei (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia longicaudella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia obrutella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia obrutella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia royenicola (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia septembrella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia sericopeza (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia vannifera (Nepticuloidea), Etainia (Nepticuloidea), Fomoria (Nepticuloidea), Glaucolepis (Nepticuloidea), Leucoptera spartifoliella (Nepticuloidea), Levarchama (Nepticuloidea), Trifurcula headleyella (Nepticuloidea), Trifurcula saccharella (Nepticuloidea), Zimmermannia (Nepticuloidea)
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith