The Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera) of Canada

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1979
Authors:C. Wilkinson, Scoble M. J.
Journal:Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada
Date Published:1979
Keywords:Canada, Ectoedemia, Ectoedemia argyropeza, Ectoedemia canutus, Ectoedemia chlorantis, Ectoedemia clemensella, Ectoedemia lindquisti, Ectoedemia occultella, Ectoedemia ochrefasciella, Ectoedemia platanella, Ectoedemia populella, Ectoedemia quadrinotata, Ectoedemia rubifoliella, Ectoedemia sericopeza, Ectoedemia ulmella, Etainia, Etainia ochrefasciella, Etainia sericopeza, Glaucolepis saccharella, Lepidoptera, Nearctic, Nepticulidae, New species, Ontario, Stigmella, Stigmella alba, Stigmella aromella, Stigmella bfasciella, Stigmella caryaefoliella, Stigmella castaneaefoliella, Stigmella centifoliella, Stigmella chalybeia, Stigmella corylifoliella, Stigmella crataegifoliella, Stigmella fuscotibiella, Stigmella juglandifoliella, Stigmella latifasciella, Stigmella macrocarpae, Stigmella minusculella, Stigmella myricafoliella, Stigmella ostryaefoliella, Stigmella oxyacanthella, Stigmella pomivorella, Stigmella populetorum, Stigmella procrastineIla, Stigmella prunifoliella, Stigmella quercipulchella, Stigmella rosaefoliella, Stigmella rosaefoliella pectocatena, Stigmella saginella, Stigmella scinanella, Stigmella scintillans, Stigmella slingerlandella, Stigmella stigmaciella, Stigmella variella, Trifurcula saccharella, USA

A taxonomic revision, including descriptions, diagnoses, and bibliographies, is given of the genera and species of the family Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera) so far collected in Canada. In addition, extensive material from the U.S.A. and a number of specimens from Europe have been examined. Five new species and two new subspecies are described. Notes on the biology of the species have been collated from rearing records, label data, and the relevant literature. With one exception all existing types have been examined and, in addition, a number of types designated. A major f'eature of this work is a study of the genitalia of the moths never before undertaken extensively on the North American Nepticulidae. These structures give valuable diagnostic features and are of fundamental importance in the provision of modern descriptions and keys. As genitalia characters are thought to be the best taxonomic indicators of relationships between species in the Nepticulidae, the species-groups proposed have been mainly defined on these structures. The confusion over the nomenclature of the family name is discussed. Taxonomic histories of the genera are given and one generic synonymy is made. Taxonomic problems are discussed in relation to distribution and food-plant choice. The hostplant associations of the family are reviewed, with reference to the mining habits of the Iarvae. A priori use of host-plant data in the taxonomy of the Nepticulidae is found to be limited. However, the proposed species-groups illustrate a general conclusion that related species tend to feed on plants that are themselves taxonomically related.

Short Title:Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can.
Taxonomic name: 
Ectoedemia (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia argyropeza (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia canutus (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia clemensella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia occultella (Nepticuloidea), Etainia ochrefasciella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia platanella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia populella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia quadrinotata (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia rubifoliella (Nepticuloidea), Etainia sericopeza (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia ulmella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia ochrefasciella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia sericopeza (Nepticuloidea), Nepticulidae (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella alba (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella aromella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella caryaefoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella castaneaefoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella centifoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella chalybeia (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella corylifoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella crataegifoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella fuscotibiella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella juglandifoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella latifasciella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella macrocarpae (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella minusculella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella myricafoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella ostryaefoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella oxyacanthella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella pomivorella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella populetorum (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella prunifoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella quercipulchella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella rosaefoliella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella saginella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella scinanella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella scintillans (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella slingerlandella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella stigmaciella (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella variella (Nepticuloidea), Glaucolepis saccharella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia lindquisti (Nepticuloidea), Etainia (Nepticuloidea), Stigmella rosaefoliella pectocatena (Nepticuloidea), Trifurcula saccharella (Nepticuloidea)
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