DNA barcoding resolves species complexes in Stigmella salicis and S. aurella species groups and shows additional cryptic speciation in S. salicis (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2012
Authors:E. J. van Nieukerken, Mutanen, M., Doorenweerd, C.
Journal:Entomologisk Tidskrift
Date Published:2012-03
Keywords:Belgium, cryptic species, DNA Barcoding, Finland, France, Great Britain, host plant, Italy, Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae, Netherlands, new synonym, Rosaceae, Salicaceae, Spain, Stigmella aeneofasciella, Stigmella arbusculae, Stigmella assimilella, Stigmella aurella, Stigmella auromarginella, Stigmella benanderella, Stigmella dryadella, Stigmella filipendulae, Stigmella geimontani, Stigmella lappovimella, Stigmella lediella, Stigmella myrtillella, Stigmella obliquella, Stigmella pallidiciliella, Stigmella poterii, Stigmella pretiosa, Stigmella salicis, Stigmella splendidissimella, Stigmella stelviana, Stigmella tormentillella, Stigmella trimaculella, Stigmella ulmariae, Stigmella vimineticola, Stigmella zelleriella, Sweden

We sequenced the mitochondrial barcoding marker COI and nuclear marker EF1-alphafor most Nordic and other European species of the Stigmella salicis and S. aurella speciesgroups. In the S. salicis group both markers confirm the synonymy of S. lappovimella withS. zelleriella. Specimens previously identified as Stigmella salicis and S. vimineticola areshown to form a complex of several cryptic species for which the taxonomy needs to beworked out. The species previously recorded as S. vimineticola from Norway representsprobably an unnamed species. In the S. aurella group, the oligophagous Rosaceae feedersS. aurella and S. poterii are confirmed to be each a single oligophagous species. Thesynonymy between Stigmella ulmariae from Filipendula ulmaria and S. filipendulae fromFilipendula vulgaris is corroborated.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith