A taxonomic revision of the western Palaearctic species of the subgenera Zimmermannia Hering and Ectoedemia Busck s. str. (Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae), with notes on their phylogeny

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1985
Authors:E. J. van Nieukerken
Journal:Tijdschrift voor Entomologie
Date Published:1985-12-20
Keywords:Algeria, Corsica, Croatia, Ectoedemia, Ectoedemia aegilopidella, Ectoedemia agrimoniae, Ectoedemia albida, Ectoedemia albifasciella, Ectoedemia algeriensis, Ectoedemia alnifoliae, Ectoedemia amani, Ectoedemia andalusiae, Ectoedemia angulifasciella, Ectoedemia arcuatella, Ectoedemia argyropeza, Ectoedemia atricollis, Ectoedemia atrifrontella, Ectoedemia caradjai, Ectoedemia cerris, Ectoedemia contorta, Ectoedemia coscoja, Ectoedemia erythrogenella, Ectoedemia gilvipennella, Ectoedemia hannoverella, Ectoedemia haraldi, Ectoedemia heringella, Ectoedemia heringi, Ectoedemia hexapetalae, Ectoedemia hispanica, Ectoedemia ilicis, Ectoedemia intimella, Ectoedemia klimeschi, Ectoedemia leucothorax, Ectoedemia liebwerdella, Ectoedemia liechtensteini, Ectoedemia liguricella, Ectoedemia longicaudella, Ectoedemia mahalebella, Ectoedemia minimella, Ectoedemia monemvasiae, Ectoedemia nuristanica, Ectoedemia occultella, Ectoedemia phaeolepis, Ectoedemia phyllotomella, Ectoedemia preisseckeri, Ectoedemia pubescivora, Ectoedemia quinquella, Ectoedemia rubivora, Ectoedemia rufifrontella, Ectoedemia spinosella, Ectoedemia spiraeae, Ectoedemia subbimaculella, Ectoedemia suberis, Ectoedemia terebinthivora, Ectoedemia turbidella, Europe, France, Greece, Iran, Italy, Lepidoptera, Morocco, Nepticulidae, New combinations, New species, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Zimmermannia

The subgenera Zimmermannia Hering and Ectoedemia s.str., together forming the genus Ectoedemia Busck sensu Wilkinson & Newton (1981) are described and redefined, and the Western Palaearctic species are revised. In total 50 species are recognised, including the new species hispanica, monemvasiae, nuristanica in Zimmermannia and andalusiae, algeriensis, leucothorax, alnifoliae, contorta and two unnamed species in Ectoedemia s.str. Fifteen new synonymies and ten new combinations are established and 42 lectotypes are designated. Primary types have been examined in many cases. Data on larvae and biology are included and keys to all species are provided. The monophyly and the sister group relationships of both subgenera are demonstrated. The subgenus Ectoedemia can be divided into the populella group, suberis group, subbimaculella group and occultella group, being monophyletic entities, and the possibly paraphyletic angulifasciella group. Two alternative hypotheses of the phylogeny within Ectoedemia s.str. are presented. Decisions on species discrimination have in many cases been corroborated by study of allozymes.

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Taxonomic name: 
Ectoedemia (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia aegilopidella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia agrimoniae (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia albida (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia albifasciella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia algeriensis (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia alnifoliae (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia amani (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia andalusiae (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia angulifasciella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia arcuatella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia argyropeza (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia atricollis (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia atrifrontella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia caradjai (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia cerris (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia contorta (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia coscoja (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia erythrogenella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia gilvipennella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia hannoverella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia haraldi (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia heringella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia heringi (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia hexapetalae (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia hispanica (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia ilicis (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia intimella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia klimeschi (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia leucothorax (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia liebwerdella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia liechtensteini (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia liguricella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia longicaudella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia mahalebella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia minimella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia monemvasiae (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia nuristanica (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia occultella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia phaeolepis (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia phyllotomella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia preisseckeri (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia pubescivora (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia quinquella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia rubivora (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia rufifrontella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia spinosella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia spiraeae (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia subbimaculella (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia suberis (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia terebinthivora (Nepticuloidea), Ectoedemia turbidella (Nepticuloidea), Nepticulidae (Nepticuloidea), Zimmermannia (Nepticuloidea)
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith